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Volume 52 Number 3, March 2001

Volume 52 Number 3

Temples of Orissa

Editorial

Bhubaneswar (Ekamra-Kshetra): Temple Town and Cultural Centre
Thomas Eugene Donaldson

Jajpur (Viraja-kshetra) and Shakta Art
Thomas Eugene Donaldson

Conserving the Temple of Lord Jagannath
Gopal C. Chauley

Closer to Heaven than the Gods: Jain Monks in the Art of Pre-Kushan Mathura
Sonya Rhie Quintanilla

Tomb of Subhan: A Little-Known Monument of the Lodi Period
Subhash Parihar

Newsletters

Book Reviews

Editorial
Vol. 52 No. 3, March 2001, pp. 10-11

Announcing the Marg Database which includes abstracts and indexes of all articles published in Marg’s magazines and books since Vol. 1 No. 1 published in October 1946. The project was completed in a year (1999-2000) and will be annually updated.

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Bhubaneswar (Ekamra-Kshetra): Temple Town and Cultural Centre
Donaldson, Thomas Eugene
Vol. 52 No. 3, March 2001, pp. 12-27 [Also in Orissa Revisited edited by Pratapaditya Pal; Vol. 52 No. 3, March 2001; ISBN: 81-85026-51-3, pp. 48-63]

Evidence of the antiquity of Ekamra-kshetra is provided by the Ashokan rock edict, the elephant emerging from a rock at Dhauli, sculptures, epigraphs, and literature. The writer discusses the Hatigumpha inscription and sculptured reliefs of Khandagiri and Udayagiri hills, the literary evidence of the tantric texts and the Mahabharata, and sculptures and architectural motifs on the Shatrughneshvara, Kalika Devi, Bhavani-Shankara, Parashurameshvara, Vaital Deul, Gauri, Mukteshvara, Rajarani, Brahmeshvara, Lingaraja, and Megheshvara temples built during the Shailodbhava, Bhauma-kara, and Somavamshi-kesari periods.

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Jajpur (Viraja-kshetra) and Shakta Art
Donaldson, Thomas Eugene
Vol. 52 No. 3, March 2001, pp. 28-41 [Also in Orissa Revisited edited by Pratapaditya Pal; Vol. 52 No. 3, March 2001; ISBN: 81-85026-51-3, pp. 64-77]

The working of the female principle in the form of a Divine Mother appears very early in Orissa. This is attested by Ashoka's Rock Edict XIII, and a 3rd century BCE inscription at Bhadrak. By the Gupta period, the primitive forms of the divine mother became gradually "Hinduized". The Bhauma-kara, Ganga, and Gajapati rulers were also devoted to Shaktism. Viraja (Jajpur) was and is the primary centre for the worship of Devi, as evident from literary and epigraphic references, and the images of Chamunda, Dantura, Durga, Mahishamardini, Ambalika, the Saptamatrikas, Mahalakshmi, Varahi, Yoginis, and Mahabhairavi in the temple shrines of the region.

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Conserving the Temple of Lord Jagannath
Chauley, Gopal C.
Vol. 52 No. 3, March 2001, pp. 42-56 [Also in Orissa Revisited edited by Pratapaditya Pal; Vol. 52 No. 3, March 2001; ISBN: 81-85026-51-3, pp. 78-92]

The essay provides a brief account of the recent efforts at conservation of the temple by the Archaeological Survey of India. The deplastering of the surface of the temple has revealed an array of sculptures and other decorative details. All conservation work was monitored by the technical expert committee.

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Closer to Heaven than the Gods: Jain Monks in the Art of Pre-Kushan Mathura
Quintanilla, Sonya Rhie
Vol. 52 No. 3, March 2001, pp. 57-68

Members of a unique sect of Ardhaphalaka Jain monks, identifiable by the cloth carried over their left forearms, are depicted in six rare sculptures from Pre-Kushan Mathura. The Ardhaphalaka monks seem to have been largely responsible for vigorous and influential productions of Jain art and architecture, including the popularization of the Jina icon. An examination of their sculpted representations reveals otherwise unknown aspects about their practices and relationships with other religious groups.

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Tomb of Subhan: a Little-known Monument of the Lodi Period
Parihar, Subhash
Vol. 52 No. 3, March 2001, pp. 69-75

The article provides a description of the building, its decorative details, inscriptions, and architectural style, a note on the origins of the traditional names for the tombs of Mir Miran and Bibi Haj, and a justification for the selection of the site of Sirhind (instead of Delhi) for the tomb.

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Newsletters
Vol. 52 No. 3, March 2001, pp. 76-93
Kavita Singh writes on the German Festival in India, which has its first stop in New Delhi, and the reopened Indus Valley Gallery at National Museum; Monisha Ahmed attends a seminar on embroidery at NIFT, Hyderabad; Shehbaz H Safrani explores Purani Haveli, which now houses H.E.H. The Nizam's museum; John Siudmak visits the reopened Museum fur lndische Kunst in Berlin and the the recently opened Great Court of the British Museum; Sonya Rhie Quintanilla attends two symposiums on the history of northern India and its connections to Central Asia in the US.
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Book Reviews
Vol. 52 No. 3, March 2001, pp. 94-98

India, An Archaeological History - Palaeolithic Beginnings to Early Historic Foundations by Dilip K. Chakrabarti, reviewed by Zarine Cooper; The Decline and Fall of the Indus Civilization edited by Nayanjot Lahiri, reviewed by Biswajeet Rath; Archaeology of Orissa, 2 volumes edited by K.K. Basa and Pradeep Mohanty, reviewed by Ajay Pratap.

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