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Volume 44 Number 4, June 1993

Volume 44 Number 4

Kathakali: A Three-dimensional Art

The Philosophy of Kathakali
D. Appukuttan Nair

A Three-dimensional Poetic Art
D. Appukuttan Nair

Textual Sources for Performances
K. Ayyappa Paniker

Patrons, Troupes, and Performers
Chitra Panikkar

Major Kathakali Institutes
    Kerala Kalamandalam
    Olappamanna Subrahmanian Nambudirippad
    Margi: An Art Resource Centre
    G.S. Warrier

Initiation and Training
Kalamandalam Padmanabhan Nair

Glossary

List of Technical Terms

The Philosophy of Kathakali
Nair, D. Appukuttan
Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993, pp. 1-4 + 1 unnumbered leaf between pp. vi-1 [Also in Kathakali: The Art of The Non-worldly edited by D. Appukuttan Nair and K. Ayyappa Paniker; Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993/Vol. 45 No. 1, September 1993; ISBN: 81-85026-22-X; pp. xii, 1-4]

This article discusses the philosophy of Kathakali, first analysing the meaning, purpose, and aims of art. It further delves into Shaivite philosophy and other principles from Hindu scriptures and their relation to Kathakali as an art. The importance and role of the connoisseur or the sahrdayan is also discussed.

A Three-dimensional Poetic Art
Nair, D. Appukuttan
Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993, pp. 5-18 [Also in Kathakali: The Art of The Non-worldly edited by D. Appukuttan Nair and K. Ayyappa Paniker; Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993/Vol. 45 No. 1, September 1993; ISBN: 81-85026-22-X, pp. 5-18]

Kathakali goes beyond the traditional concepts of dance and art as expressed by Bharata Muni in his Natyasastra. Based on the attakkatha (literary text of Kathakali), and dependent on the auditory art of Kathakali music and percussion, it is recreated into a visual art through the imagination, skill, and genius of the actor and aesthetically transmuted into rasa, or rapture, in the mind of the sahrdayan, or connoisseur. Kathakali is more kavyatmaka or poetic, than natyatmaka or dramatic.

Textual Sources for Performances
Paniker, K. Ayyappa
Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993, pp. 19-30 [Also in Kathakali: The Art of The Non-worldly edited by D. Appukuttan Nair and K. Ayyappa Paniker; Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993/Vol. 45 No. 1, September 1993; ISBN: 81-85026-22-X, pp. 19-30]

Attom (dance) or Kathakali is the term used in Malayalam to refer to the performance, while the verbal text is known as the attakkatha (literally, dance-story). The latter consists of a narrative rendered in the form of a dance-drama. The narrative frame is usually in quatrains based on Sanskrit metre. The literary part of the Kathakali performance follows the conventions common to Manipravala poetry in general. The attakkatha represents the uninterpreted source text, its bare outline. The attakkatha as a literary genre has been patronized by a large number of Malayalam writers. This article discusses many of the prominent attakkatha authors and their works.

Patrons, Troupes, And Performers
Panikkar, Chitra
Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993, pp. 31-44 [Also in Kathakali: The Art of The Non-worldly edited by D. Appukuttan Nair and K. Ayyappa Paniker; Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993/Vol. 45 No. 1, September 1993; ISBN: 81-85026-22-X, pp. 31-44]

This article gives an overview of the many patrons, troupes (kaliyogams), and performers that have been associated with Kathakali from its inception in the 17th century, when it was known as Ramanattom, to the end of the 20th century. It discusses the repertoire of each phase as well.

Major Kathakali Institutes: Kerala Kalamandalam
Nambudirippad, Olappamanna Subrahmanian
Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993, pp. 45-48 [Also in Kathakali: The Art of The Non-worldly edited by D. Appukuttan Nair and K. Ayyappa Paniker; Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993/Vol. 45 No. 1, September 1993; ISBN: 81-85026-22-X, pp. 49-52]

This article discusses the inception and philosophy behind Margi, the Kathakali institute. It also provides an overview into the development of the institute into an important centre for the performance of Kathakali. The major performers associated with Margi are listed as well.

Major Kathakali Institutes: Margi: An Art Resource Centre
Warrier, G. S.
Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993, pp. 49-52

This article discusses the inception and philosophy behind Margi, the Kathakali institute. It also provides an overview into the development of the institute into an important centre for the performance of Kathakali. The major performers associated with Margi are listed as well.

Initiation and Training
Nair, Kalamandalam Padmanabhan
Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993, pp. 53-68 [Also in Kathakali: The Art of The Non-worldly edited by D. Appukuttan Nair and K. Ayyappa Paniker; Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993/Vol. 45 No. 1, September 1993; ISBN: 81-85026-22-X, pp. 53-69]

An overview of the initiation ceremony and the vigorous training of Kathakali performers, discussed in the following sections: the venue, the preceptor, the disciple, time, initiation, and training.

Glossary [Kathakali] and List of Technical Terms
Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993, pp. 69-74 [Also in Kathakali: The Art of The Non-worldly edited by D. Appukuttan Nair and K. Ayyappa Paniker; Vol. 44 No. 4, June 1993/Vol. 45 No. 1, September 1993; ISBN: 81-85026-22-X, pp. 198-203]