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Volume 34 Number 4, September 1981

Volume 34 Number 4

Rhythms and Accents in Traditional Indian Architecture

Towards a Reconstituted Vocabulary in Domestic Architecture
Saryu Doshi

Architectural Decoration and Clothing Convention
Jan Pieper

Temple Terracotta Decoration: Interaction Between Monumental and Vernacular Traditions in Bengal
George Michell

Traditional Woodwork in Secular Architecture
V.S. PramarĀ 

Wall Decorations of a Mobile People
Jutta Jain-Neubauer and Jyotindra Jain

Haveli Facades: Concepts of Embellishment
Kulbhushan Jain

Traditional Motifs in House Ornamentation
G.K. Kanhere

Newar Windows as Elements of Architecture
Niels Gutschow

Barber Shops of Madurai
Jan Pieper

Concept of Sound in Indian Architecture
V.M. Sholapurkar

Rath Yatra
Damodar Pandit

Conservation of Buildings
Foy Nissen

Vernacular Architecture
Uttam Jain

Adobe Architecture by Subtraction
Uttam Jain

From the Editor: Towards a Reconstituted Vocabulary in Domestic Architecture
Doshi, Saryu
Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1981, pp. 2-4

Traditional domestic architecture is seen in a few areas in Bombay, and also in rural huts and cottages. Often, a uniform style is observed in houses lining a street. In recent years there has been a desire to break away from vernacular architecture and by others to return to it. Both forces could lead to the emergence of modern Indian architecture.

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Architectural Decoration and Clothing Convention
Pieper, Jan
Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1981, pp. 5-10 [Also in The Impulse to Adorn: Studies in Traditional Indian Architecture edited by Saryu Doshi, Jan Pieper and George Michell; Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1982; pp. 5-10]
The article discusses the significance of the analogies between architecture and clothing; architectural adornment and facial painting (tattooing); and masking the face and the architectural facade.
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Temple Terracotta Decoration: Interaction Between Monumental and Vernacular Traditions in Bengal
Michell, George
Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1981, pp. 11-20 [Also in The Impulse to Adorn: Studies in Traditional Indian Architecture edited by Saryu Doshi, Jan Pieper and George Michell; Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1982; pp. 11-20]
A sharp break in the tradition of monumental architecture in Bengal coincided with the Muslim conquest of the 13th-14th century. By the end of the 16th century, a uniquely Bengali style of temple architecture and sculpture established itself. Cultural contacts of Bengal with Orissa helped preserve earlier forms.
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Traditional Woodwork in Secular Architecture in Gujarat
Pramar, V.S.
Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1981, pp. 21-32 [Also in The Impulse to Adorn: Studies in Traditional Indian Architecture edited by Saryu Doshi, Jan Pieper and George Michell; Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1982; pp. 21-32]
Traditional woodwork have survived in Nepal, Kashmir, and the Deccan. Wood was also extensively used in Gujarat, especially in havelis. The article discusses the meaning and social significance of such architectural decoration, and the technique and style employed.
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Wall Decorations of a Mobile People in Gujarat
Jain-Neubauer, Jutta and Jain, Jyotindra
Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1981, pp. 33-42 [Also in The Impulse to Adorn: Studies in Traditional Indian Architecture edited by Saryu Doshi, Jan Pieper and George Michell; Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1982; pp. 33-42]

A study of the basic nature of the architectural decoration of migrating Muslim tribes in Kutch, pastoral "Hinduistic" groups of Saurashtra, and settled communities of Gujarat.

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Haveli Facades: Concepts of Embellishment in Rajasthan
Jain, Kulbhushan
Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1981, pp. 43-54 [Also in The Impulse to Adorn: Studies in Traditional Indian Architecture edited by Saryu Doshi, Jan Pieper and George Michell; Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1982; pp. 43-54]
The article discusses house decoration in Rajasthan which offset the monotony of the desert. The facades of the houses are decorated by windows, brackets, and other structural devices, and paintings of auspicious symbols. The interiors have special architectural elements, such as an inner courtyard, jharokhas, and decorated galleries.
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Traditional Motifs in House Ornamentation in Maharashtra
Kanhere, Gopal Krishna
Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1981, pp. 55-62 [Also in The Impulse to Adorn: Studies in Traditional Indian Architecture edited by Saryu Doshi, Jan Pieper and George Michell; Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1982; pp. 55-62]
Discussed are the woodwork, paintings, decorative schemes, and design of the wada (residential manors of the Maratha elite).
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Newar Windows as Elements of Architecture in Nepal
Gutschow, Niels
Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1981, pp. 63-78 [Also in The Impulse to Adorn: Studies in Traditional Indian Architecture edited by Saryu Doshi, Jan Pieper and George Michell; Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1982; pp. 63-78]
The Newar community is an ethnic group of Tibeto-Burmese stock concentrated in the Kathmandu valley. The article discusses, with the aid of architectural drawnings, the construction and symbolic interpretation of the elaborate wooden doorway and window designs in Newar houses made by local woodcarvers.
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Barber Shops of Madurai
Pieper, Jan
Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1981, pp. 79-86 [Also in The Impulse to Adorn: Studies in Traditional Indian Architecture edited by Saryu Doshi, Jan Pieper and George Michell; Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1982; pp. 95-106]
A prominent feature of this temple town, the imaginative and colourful glazed facades of the barber shops of Madurai are a modern vernacular expression of the feature of glazing or metal sheeting which is evident in traditional Indian art and architecture, as in the Shish Mahal, Indore.
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Notes
Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1981, pp. 87-97
Concept of Sound in Indian Architecture by V.M. Sholapurkar; Rath Yatra by Damodar Pandit; Conservation of Buildings by Foy Nissen; Vernacular Architecture and its Relevance to Contemporary India and Adobe Architecture by Uttam Jain.
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Book Reviews
Vol. 34 No. 4, September 1981, pp. 98-127

The Vaisnava Iconography in the Tamil Country by R. Champakalakshmi, reviewed by K.K.A. Venkatachari; Encyclopaedia of Indian Culture, Vol. I by R. N. Saletore, reviewed by D.R. Amladi; Indian Paintings on Glass by Jaya Appasamy, reviewed by Saryu Doshi. Experiments in a Tradition: the art of the Warlis by Radhika Sabavala

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