An Approach to Modern Indian Architecture [Editorial]
Vol. 3 No. 3, July 1949, pp. 4-8
The writer comments on the transitory phase between handicrafts and machine-production that India finds herself in, and the simultaneous use of old methods with the new, in the context of the development of modern Indian architecture as an expressive art. Policy options of form and design for the Indian architect are continuity with (and not imitation of) India's past, and modernity. The limitations of the latter policy are detailed. The modern architect needs to achieve continuity based on function and structure, and draw inspiration from living building traditions. It is also important to be in touch with the people.
Vol. 3 No. 3, July 1949, p. 9
The writer, who studied 18 Indian cities, has laid out a new village area, providing for more open spaces than roads. The plots are designed keeping the average means of the people in mind, to enable holding of multiple plots, or a combination of three plots into two.
Town Planning in Britain
Vol. 3 No. 3, July 1949, pp. 10-20
The efforts at the planning of new towns and reconstruction of existing ones in 20th century Britain are studied in the background of the numerous problems of urban life as a consequence of the ill-effects of the Industrial Revolution. The various Acts on housing and town-planning are meant to solve the predicaments of congestion and the growth of slums, lopsided distribution of population with a concentration in towns, displacement, and costs of trade dislocation. The importance of regional surveys preceding plans is emphasized. Characteristics of good planning are proper zoning, road systems, and regional plans. The steps taken to bring in effective legislation is a positive development. The creation of counter-attractions is expected to decongest existing towns, as illustrated in the recommendations of the Greater London Plan of Sir Patrick Abercrombie. Town planning in Britain has lessons for countries like India where great effort is being made to build up industries and tackle problems such as housing and rehabilitation of refugees.
Colour While You Work
Vol. 3 No. 3, July 1949, pp. 21-23
The objectives of planned colour use in industrial workshops and rest-rooms are outlined, and specific colour-schemes recommended for walls, ceilings, and machines to create a conducive environment in the workroom. The reflective values of colours of the British Standards Institute are listed. Besides increasing efficiency, ideal colour schemes also enable saving costs on lighting in workshops. The Indian artist is advised to take advantage of the experiments in this art from factories in Europe, England, and America.
Vol. 3 No. 3, July 1949, pp. 24-33
The process, imagery, and symbolism of subjects, and the occasions on which these traditional paintings on walls and paper are made by the women of Mithila, are detailed. A few similarities apart, Brahmin and Kayastha paintings display contrasting styles in the use of lines, colour, posture, form, and rhythm. The evolution of a caste style, and the factors supporting it, are explained.
Rebel Artist: Francis Newton
Vol. 3 No. 3, July 1949, pp. 34-39
The major trends in art of the 18th and 19th centuries precede a sketch of the life and work of Francis Newton Souza in the field of revolutionary art. The vicissitudes of life made him a rebel, and he expressed this through his art which was influenced, in part, by French painters and Christian themes.
Vol. 3 No. 3, July 1949, pp. 41-48
Rupadarsini by M.R. Acharekar, reviewed by R. Chatterji; W.G. Archer's The Vertical Man, reviewed by R. V. Leyden; Lewis Mumford's Culture of Cities reviewed by Claude Batley; books and periodicals received.
Vol. 3 No. 3, July 1949, p. 49
The eclectic art of the P.A.G., held in the second quarter of 1949, reviewed by J.M.