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Volume 23 Number 4, September 1970

Volume 23 Number 4

Mahabalipuram

"The Great Wrestler" – The Continuity under Mahamalla
Mulk Raj Anand

The Cave Temples and the Rathas under Narasimhavarman Mahamalla
T.N. Ramachandran

The Temples and Sculptures under Rajasimha
Mulk Raj Anand

The Great Wrestler - The Continuity under Mahamalla [Editorial]
Anand, Mulk Raj
Vol. 23 No. 4, September 1970, pp. 55-62 + 2 unnumbered leaves between pp. 54-55

Narasimhavarman Mahamalla sustained the rock carving tradition of the Pallavas, and ordered the excavation of cave temples, with Udaygiri and the rock temples of the Western Ghats serving as prototypes.

Cave Temples and Rathas under Narasimhavarman Varman Mahamalla
Ramachandran, T.N.
Vol. 23 No. 4, September 1970, pp. 63-109 + 1 unnumbered leaf between pp. 62-63
The "Mahendra style" of cave temples was initiated by Mahendravarman I, and continued to be practised in the reign of Mamalla Narasimhavarman, Mahendravarman II, Paramesvaravarman I, and Rajasimha. The Mamalla style (630-668) was initiated by Narasimhavarman I, and continued by the generations after him. The article describes the architecture and sculptures of the monuments in these styles: the Mahendra-style temples; and the Mamalla-style monuments and cave temple, monolithic temples - including cut-in cave temples and cut-out viharas (popularly called rathas) - and structural temples. The rathas are named after the Pandavas, and dedicated to the worship of Shiva, Durga, Skanda, and other deities.
The Temples and Sculptures under Rajasimha
Anand, Mulk Raj
Vol. 23 No. 4, September 1970, pp. 110-118
Rajasimha (c. 695-722) extended certain rock-cut shrines at Mahabalipuram, and constructed the Shore Temple. The article illustrates some of Rajasimha's innovations in sculptural art, and describes the architectural features of the Shore Temple.